Virtual Issue: Ecology in China

Ecology in ChinaIn August 2017 the 12th International Congress of Ecology (INTECOL) will be hosted by the Ecological Society of China in Beijing. The British Ecological Society journals have put together this Virtual Issue showcasing some of the top current research articles.

 

 

Journal of Ecology Banner

Plant ecology from China is now at the forefront of global research and the Editors of Journal of Ecology are pleased to share some of the best of it with you in this Virtual Issue. The range of this research is tremendous; from regions as varied as subtropical forests (Han et al.) to arid grasslands (Chen et al.) and covering topics from fungal biodiversity (Yang et al.) to plant-herbivore interactions (Na Li et al.). It is also noteworthy that much of this work involves multi-investigator international collaborations (Li et al.). We hope that you will enjoy reading the papers in this Virtual Issue and also our recent Forest Ecology in Asia and that these papers encourage submission of similar articles to the journal. We invite you to visit the Journal's blog, as well as follow Journal of Ecology on Twitter and Facebook.

中国的植物生态学正处于全球研究的前沿,《Journal of Ecology》的编辑们愉快地与您分享本刊中的《中国的生态学》现实专刊(Virtual Issue)中一些优秀论文。现实专刊所涵盖的研究领域十分广泛,生态类型上从亚热带森林(Han et al.)到干旱区的草原(Chen et al.),研究内容上包括真菌多样性,到植物与食草动物的相互作用 (Na Li et al.)。同样值得注意的是,这些研究工作有很多涉及国际合作(Li et al.)。我们希望您会喜欢阅读这期现实专刊中的文章,以及我们最近的森林生态现实专刊。阅读这些文章将会鼓励您把类似的研究论文向《Journal of Ecology》投稿。我们邀请您阅览本刊的博客 (blog),以及在推特(Twitter)和脸谱(Facebook)上关注本刊。

David Gibson, Executive Editor

Translation by Kun-Fang Cao, Associate Editor

Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide
Yuanzhi Li, Bill Shipley, Jodi N. Price, Vinícius de L. Dantas, Riin Tamme, Mark Westoby, Andrew Siefert, Brandon S. Schamp, Marko J. Spasojevic, Vincent Jung, Daniel C. Laughlin, Sarah J. Richardson, Yoann Le Bagousse‐Pinguet, Christian Schöb, Antonio Gazol, Honor C. Prentice, Nicolas Gross, Jake Overton, Marcus V. Cianciaruso, Frédérique Louault, Chiho Kamiyama, Tohru Nakashizuka, Kouki Hikosaka, Takehiro Sasaki, Masatoshi Katabuchi, Cédric Frenette Dussault, Stephanie Gaucherand, Ning Chen, Marie Vandewalle, Marco Antônio Batalha

Manipulating two olfactory cues causes a biological control beetle to shift to non-target plant species
Na Li, Shuang Li, Jin Ge, Meredith C. Schuman, Jia‐Ning Wei, Rui‐Yan Ma

Soil biota suppress positive plant diversity effects on productivity at high but not low soil fertility
Shan Luo, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, Bin Jiang, Shixiao Yu

The role of transcriptomes linked with responses to light environment on seedling mortality in a subtropical forest, China
Baocai Han, María Natalia Umaña, Xiangcheng Mi, Xiaojuan Liu, Lei Chen, Yunquan Wang, Yu Liang, Wei Wei, Keping Ma

Taxonomic resolution is a determinant of biodiversity effects in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities
Haishui Yang, Qian Zhang, Roger T. Koide, Jason D. Hoeksema, Jianjun Tang, Xinmin Bian, Shuijin Hu, Xin Chen

Experience of inundation or drought alters the responses of plants to subsequent water conditions
Shu Wang, Ragan M. Callaway, Dao‐Wei Zhou, Jacob Weiner

Effects of plant functional group loss on soil biota and net ecosystem exchange: a plant removal experiment in the Mongolian grassland
Dima Chen, Qingmin Pan, Yongfei Bai, Shuijin Hu, Jianhui Huang, Qibing Wang, Shahid Naeem, James J. Elser, Jianguo Wu, Xingguo Han

Journal of Animal Ecology banner

Journal of Animal Ecology is a global journal that receives submissions from all over the world and we are pleased say that we are receiving an increasing number of high quality papers from China covering a diverse range of taxa and topics.

The high quality of submissions is showcased by two recent papers from Chinese researchers being chosen to be the subject of In Focus papers. Shao and colleges explored how nitrogen addition and exotic earthworms interacted to impact on the plant-feeding nematode community.  Bian et al. demonstrate the connection between maternal stress and population dynamics, and the importance of understanding the adaptive potential of such effects in a context-dependent manner.

Ken Wilson, Executive Editor

Animal Ecology research in China today is developing rapidly, many new and exciting findings in Conservation ecology, Behavioral ecology, Physiological ecology, Population ecology and Community ecology were published in international journals. We can see scientists have been paying attention to the basic data accumulation, focusing on proposing and testing important hypothesis. We are happy to see the an increase in innovative work. A more exciting aspect is the young and well-trained animal scientists are playing leading roles in animal ecology research in China.

Key areas include the population dynamics and regulation mechanisms based on individuals (rodents), the interaction between animals and plants (rodents and insects), adaptation to extreme environments (rodents, amphibians and reptiles), geographic distribution patterns (mammals and birds), species organization in community under climate change (birds and insects) and increasingly new areas in conservation physiology and conservation genetics for Chinese native and threatened species such as giant panda, golden monkeys and Asian elephants.

Possible future directions (including changes to the research philosophy) should strengthen the thoughts and approach of integration for different areas and biological organizations, deepen the molecular mechanisms in understanding the variations in behavior, physiology and life history traits, focus on the adaptation mechanisms to changing environments, and the conservation of native and threatened species in China.

当今中国的动物生态学发展可谓日新月异,保护生态学、行为生态学、生理生态学、种群生态学、群落生态学等各研究领域都有长足进展。一个很重要很突出的特点是,研究者们重视和加强了基础研究积累,注重和加强了对相关学说或理论的实验验证,原创性研究逐渐增多。一批训练有素的青年动物生态学家成长起来。主要研究领域包括以个体为基础的种群动态和调节机制(啮齿动物),动物和植物之间的相互作用(啮齿动物和昆虫),动物对特殊环境的生理适应机制(啮齿动物和两栖爬行动物),变化环境下的动物地理分布格局(哺乳动物和鸟类)与群落的组织和结构(鸟类和昆虫),中国特有或珍稀濒危物种的保护生理学(大熊猫)和保护遗传学(金丝猴和亚洲象)等。未来可能的发展方向主要是研究思路上采取整合和多组织层次的研究途径,深化行为、生理和生活史特征等方面变化调节的分子生物学机理,注重动物对特殊极端环境的适应和中国特有珍稀濒危物种的保护等。

Dehua Wang, Associate Editor 

Nitrogen deposition cancels out exotic earthworm effects on plant-feeding nematode communities
Yuanhu Shao, Weixin Zhang, Nico Eisenhauer, Tao Liu, Yanmei Xiong, Chenfei Liang, Shenglei Fu  (read the In Focus)

Contrasting patterns of short-term indirect seed–seed interactions mediated by scatter-hoarding rodents
Zhishu Xiao, Zhibin Zhang

Functional and phylogenetic structure of island bird communities
Xingfeng Si, Marc W. Cadotte, Di Zeng, Andrés Baselga, Yuhao Zhao, Jiaqi Li, Yiru Wu, Siyu Wang, Ping Ding

Maternal effects and population regulation: maternal density-induced reproduction suppression impairs offspring capacity in response to immediate environment in root voles Microtus oeconomus
Jiang‐Hui Bian, Shou‐Yang Du, Yan Wu, Yi‐Fan Cao, Xu‐Heng Nie, Hui He, Zhi‐Bing You (read the In Focus)

Fight-flight or freeze-hide? Personality and metabolic phenotype mediate physiological defence responses in flatfish
Emmanuel J. Rupia, Sandra A. Binning, Dominique G. Roche, Weiqun Lu

Diverse responses of species to landscape fragmentation in a simple food chain
Jinbao Liao, Daniel Bearup, Bernd Blasius

Phantom alternatives influence food preferences in the eastern honeybee Apis cerana
Ken Tan, Shihao Dong, Xiwen Liu, Weiweng Chen, Yuchong Wang,

Journal of Applied Ecology banner

China is an extremely important country globally for many reasons, including its history of unprecedented economic and infrastructure development. However, it is widely acknowledged within China that this development has come at a cost to the environment. One of the pillars of Chairman Mao’s ‘Great Leap Forward’ campaign was iron production in kilns heated by the country’s forests. Massive deforestation was the creditor that mortgaged much of China’s development through the 1960s until the 1980s. Coupled with industrial and automotive emissions, the consequences of this can still be felt today, with poor air and water quality experienced throughout the country.

Given these impacts of economic development in China, government and researchers have prioritised applied environmental management. The Chinese State Forestry Administration actively replants and manages forests, and various government agencies pour millions of dollars into environmental research. The excellence of the research has become evident as the numbers of high-quality Chinese-led papers in the Journal of Applied Ecology has continuously increased over time.

One of the remarkable themes of these papers from China is that they tend to focus on environmental improvement and remediation, as opposed to just documenting the negative consequences of a compromised environment. Titles tend to use words like ‘improving’, ‘recovery’ or ‘sustaining’. This Virtual Issue is a testament to the power of ecological knowledge and applied research to affect change. While environmental improvement in China requires a complex mix of economic and policy changes, city planning, and public education, it is clear that research will play a vital role in creating policies, technologies and other innovative solutions to improve environmental conditions in China.

作为世界上极其重要的大国,中国有着前所未有的经济和基础设施建设的发展历史。然而,一个不容忽视的事实是,中国的高速发展是以部分牺牲环境为代价的。20世纪50年代末的“大跃进”运动中土炉炼钢就以砍伐森林的树木作燃料;实际上,中国上世纪60到80年代的发展可能得益于大规模的森林砍伐。这种乱砍滥伐,再加上工业排放、汽车尾气等因素共同造成了当今中国全国范围内的空气和水质污染。

鉴于经济发展带来的生态环境影响,中国政府和研究者已将应用环境管理作为优先研究对象。中国国家林业局大力推行人工造林和森林管理,各政府机关在环境研究方面也投入了数百万美元的研究经费。这些研究取得了卓越的成果,其中标志之一就是在国际知名英文期刊《应用生态学报》上刊登的由中国人领导的高质量文章数目正在随时间持续增加。

这些来自中国的研究,其中令人瞩目的主题之一就是侧重于环境的改善和修复,而不是单纯记录环境被破坏带来的后果。文章标题也倾向于使用诸如“提高”、“恢复”、“维持”等词语。本专刊可以作为生态学知识和研究影响未来变化的一个注脚。尽管中国的环境改善涉及到复杂的经济和政策变革、城市规划以及公众教育等诸多因素;但毫无疑问,这些研究将在创建政策、技术和其它创新方法等方面扮演重要角色,为中国环境的改善做出贡献。

Marc Cadotte, Executive Editor

Translation by Lei Cheng, Associate Editor

Reducing soil erosion by improving community functional diversity in semi-arid grasslands
Huoxing Zhu, Bojie Fu, Shuai Wang, Linhai Zhu, Liwei Zhang, Lei Jiao, Cong Wang

Partial recovery of a tropical rainforest a half century after clear-cut and selective logging
Han Xu, Yide Li, Shirong Liu, Runguo Zang, Fangliang He, John R. Spence

Trade-offs in parasitism efficiency and brood size mediate parasitoid coexistence, with implications for biological control of the invasive emerald ash borer
Xiao‐Yi Wang, David E. Jennings, Jian J. Duan

Subordinate plants sustain the complexity and stability of soil micro-food webs in natural bamboo forest ecosystems
Yuanhu Shao, Xiaoli Wang, Jie Zhao, Jianping Wu, Weixin Zhang, Deborah A. Neher, Yanxia Li, Yiping Lou, Shenglei Fu

Can intercropping with the world's three major beverage plants help improve the water use of rubber trees?
Junen Wu, Wenjie Liu, Chunfeng Chen

Patterns and thresholds of grazing-induced changes in community structure and ecosystem functioning: species-level responses and the critical role of species traits
Wenhuai Li, Fengwei Xu, Shuxia Zheng, Friedhelm Taube, Yongfei Bai

Changes in soil microbial communities due to biological invasions can reduce allelopathic effects
Yang‐Ping Li, Yu‐Long Feng, Zong‐Li Kang, Yu‐Long Zheng, Jiao‐Lin Zhang, Ya‐Jun Chen

Functional Ecology banner

Contributions by Chinese researchers to the international literature in ecology have increased tremendously over the last decade. Functional Ecology, a leading international journal in ecology, considers Chinese researchers important contributors to the future of ecology; although papers from China still make up a small proportion of all manuscripts we receive, this proportion is increasing, and some of our most highly cited papers are from Chinese authors. To highlight the important role of Chinese researchers, we have in development a special issue of the journal dedicated to the application of functional trait approaches to ecological problems throughout a diversity of habitats in China. We encourage researchers from China to make us one of their preferred outlets for papers focused on studies advancing our mechanistic understanding of ecological pattern and process, and help us to increase the visibility of Chinese contributions to the science of ecology.

在过去的十年间,中国的研究人员对于国际生态学期刊的贡献极大的增加。做为国际生态学主流期刊之一,功能生态学 (Functional Ecology)意识到了中国研究者的贡献对国际生态学的未来发展举足轻重。虽然我们所接收的文章中只有小部分来自于中国,但是这个比例与日俱增,并且本刊的一些引用率很高的文章就来自于中国的作者。为了突出中国研究者的重要作用,我们筹划了一期特刊,致力于揭示在中国多样化的生境下植物和生态系统功能性状的变异特征及其控制机制。我们希望中国的研究人员将本刊做为增进对生态格局和过程机制理解的文献首选,帮助我们认识中国人对生态科学所做的贡献。

Charles Fox, Executive Editor

Translation by Shuli Niu, Associate Editor

 

Obligate herbivory in an ancestrally carnivorous lineage: the giant panda and bamboo from the perspective of nutritional geometry
Yonggang Nie, Zejun Zhang, David Raubenheimer, James J. Elser, Wei Wei, Fuwen Wei

The whitefly‐associated facultative symbiont Hamiltonella defensa suppresses induced plant defences in tomato
Qi Su, Kerry M. Oliver, Wen Xie, Qingjun Wu, Shaoli Wang, Youjun Zhang

Asymmetric sensitivity of ecosystem carbon and water processes in response to precipitation change in a semi‐arid steppe
Bingwei Zhang, Xingru Tan, Shanshan Wang, Minling Chen, Shiping Chen, Tingting Ren, Jianyang Xia, Yongfei Bai, Jianhui Huang, Xingguo Han

Root and leaf decomposition become decoupled over time: implications for below‐ and above‐ground relationships
Chengen Ma, Yanmei Xiong, Le Li, Dali Guo

Are leaves more vulnerable to cavitation than branches?
Shi‐Dan Zhu, Hui Liu, Qiu‐Yuan Xu, Kun‐Fang Cao, Qing Ye

Hollows in living trees develop slowly but considerably influence the estimate of forest biomass
Zheng Zheng, Shubin Zhang, Carol Baskin, Jerry Baskin, Doug Schaefer, Xiaodong Yang, Lianyan Yang

Nonlinear responses of ecosystem carbon fluxes and water‐use efficiency to nitrogen addition in Inner Mongolia grassland
Dashuan Tian, Shuli Niu, Qingmin Pan, Tingting Ren, Shiping Chen, Yongfei Bai, Xingguo Han

MEE banner

Methods in Ecology and Evolution publishes papers that present new methods of all types. This can include statistical methods, new lab tools, field techniques and equipment. In publishing new methods, an important priority for us is that authors make new tools as accessible as possible. We have therefore promoted new ways of engaging with audiences, such as video and online tutorials and developing new publication type such as our applications papers. We are proud to have published a wide range of materials across a diversity of topics. 

In the past 7 years we have published an impressive range of papers by Chinese authors that showcases this diversity: the papers we have highlighted for this issue include new equipment for field and lab work, as well as new analytical tools. These encompass the full range of topics in ecology and evolution and the intersection between these disciplines. We hope that Chinese authors will continue to regard MEE as a place to send their novel methodological papers.

《Methods in Ecology and Evolution》期刊的文章主要是介绍推出生态和进化领域内各种研究类型的新方法,包括统计方法、新的实验室工具、野外考察及样本采集的技术和设备等。在发表新方法的时候,对我们来说最重要的就是作者将新工具新方法尽可能描述得简单易懂,让读者能方便地使用这些方法。因此,我们针对读者推广了教学方法,如视频和在线教程,并且还发行了新的出版物类型,比如程序类文章。我们很自豪已经在很多不同主题下发表了文章及多种相关材料。

在过去的7年里,我们发表了一系列由中国作者撰写的优秀文章,显示出了我们文章类型的多样化。我们在《Methods in Ecology and Evolution》期刊中的精彩文章包括了野外和实验室工作的新设备,以及新分析工具的描述,涵盖了生态学和进化的全部主题,以及这些学科的交叉部分。我们希望中国的作者能继续在《Methods in Ecology and Evolution》发表新的方法文章。

Rob Freckleton, Executive Editor

Translation by Doug Yu, Associate Editor

High-throughput monitoring of wild bee diversity and abundance via mitogenomics
Min Tang, Chloe J. Hardman, Yinqiu Ji, Guanliang Meng, Shanlin Liu, Meihua Tan, Shenzhou Yang, Ellen D. Moss, Jiaxin Wang, Chenxue Yang, Catharine Bruce, Tim Nevard, Simon G. Potts, Xin Zhou, Douglas W. Yu

No silver bullets in correlative ecological niche modelling: insights from testing among many potential algorithms for niche estimation. Huijie Qiao, Jorge Soberón, Andrew Townsend Peterson

Correct calculation of CO2 efflux using a closed-chamber linked to a non-dispersive infrared gas analyzer
Gbadamassi G. O. Dossa, Ekananda Paudel, Hongyan Wang, Kunfang Cao, Douglas Schaefer, Rhett D. Harrison

Correcting the overestimate of forest biomass carbon on the national scale
Xiaolu Zhou, Xiangdong Lei, Changhui Peng, Weifeng Wang, Carl Zhou, Caixia Liu, Zhenggang Liu

BarcodingR: an integrated r package for species identification using DNA barcodes
Ai‐bing Zhang, Meng‐di Hao, Cai‐qing Yang, Zhi‐yong Shi

ggtree: an r package for visualization and annotation of phylogenetic trees with their covariates and other associated data
Guangchuang Yu, David K. Smith, Huachen Zhu, Yi Guan, Tommy Tsan‐Yuk Lam

Inferring the evolutionary history of outcrossing populations through computing a multiallelic linkage–linkage disequilibrium map
Xuli Zhu, Fang Xu, Shu Zhao, Wenhao Bo, Libo Jiang, Xiaoming Pang, Rongling Wu

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