Edited by Sarah Durant and Nathalie Pettorelli
Effective, evidence-based, wildlife management is key for the successful, long-term conservation of biodiversity. Being intrinsically linked to applied ecology, wildlife management depends on the best science to minimise threats to wild species and secure viable populations; to ensure that consumptive use of wildlife is sustainable; and to promote positive relationships between people and wildlife. With this virtual issue, we aim to illustrate how the current breadth of pressing environmental issues (including overexploitation, climate change, human wildlife conflict, illegal trade, and habitat fragmentation) requires urgent and significant advancements in applied ecology and wildlife management research in order to meet 21st century challenges. While drawing from a selection of recent articles published in Journal of Applied Ecology, we also hope to demonstrate that the studies we publish can both drive forward the field of applied ecology and provide relevant, high quality evidence base for managers and policymakers.